By Adam mousa Obama human rights defenders.
The coup of October 25, 2021 took control of all the judicial and legal agencies in the state, saw the Appointment of the attorney general and various intervention in the affairs of justice, where the governors have powers of unlawful detention and interfere in the affairs of the prosecution, such as the governor of Khartoum Ahmed Othman, but the struggle of the emergency lawyers and the Darfur Bar Association and its partners in providing legal aid to the affected people who are arrested by the coup authority in the peaceful processions called for by the resistance committees Freedom, change, and all the forces of revolution, eased a worst case scenario. Peaceful demonstration is a right guaranteed in accordance with the 2019 Constitutional Document and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The situation in Sudan witnessed violations such as the acquittal of the accused’s in the of killing of martyrs, the Atbara court in the state of river Nile held at the beginning of October 2022 a session with the accused in the case of the killing of the martyr Tariq, who was murdered in the revolution of December 2018 to 2019, the accused were acquitted and there are a number of cases of killing protesters continuing, the results will be acquittal of the accused.
The coup of October 25, 2021 and the phenomenon of armed militias in a number of regions of Sudan, Darfur, Kordofan and Blue Nile, in Darfur
The failure of the coup of October 25, 2021 and its political incubator ‘Freedom and change National consensus’ to Stop the massive violations of human rights that occurred in West Darfur State Geneina The attack in the Jebel Moon area in April 2022 AD by armed Militias, There are sources that indicate the involvement of the Rapid Support forces, and these violations continued to extend to the Karinak locality, which was attacked by armed militias in April 2022 , dressed in the uniform of the Rapid Support Forces, killing more than 300 women, children and the elderly. Properties belonging to Civilians were looted and the Towns were completely burned, all that is happening in the presence of the Sudanese armed forces that failed to protect civilians, human rights violations and crimes continued in the Darfur region in light of the presence of a large number of the Juba Peace Group at different levels of governance, for instance the Sovereign Hajar Wad Al-Hadi Idris at the level of the executive body, the governor of Darfur Minawi Minawi and Deputy Governor Muhammad Issa, Governor of West Darfur, Khamis Abkar, are directly responsible for the criminal offenses.
In June 2022, the events of Dar Muqata’ occurred in Kulbus locality, claimed the lives of more than 350 citizens, accompanied with thefts and looting of properties, and more than 30 villages were burned, and citizens from these areas were displaced to the localities of Saraf Omra, Kulbs, Saraf bin Hussein and Umm Jarwa, with the complete absence of humanitarian organizations to provide services to the victims. After the displacement of citizens, it equally resulted to a complete failure of the agricultural season in West Darfur and some states of North Darfur, this portends a humanitarian catastrophe.
On June 26, 2022, the deputy head of the coup, Lieutenant-General Mohamed Hamdan Daqlu, visited West Darfur with a large number of leaders of the former regime from the civil administrations and for lack of better words “brokers”, under the pretext of concluding reconciliations between the tribes and they signed a number of reconciliations between the tribes, but these reconciliations did not succeed, because these are criminal cases they cannot be resolved within the framework of peace and reconciliation. In addition, RSF is part of the problem and its involvement in the events in West Darfur.
A large number of civil administrations rejected the issue of reconciliation sponsored by the deputy head of the coup council, Lieutenant-General Hemedti, hence a number of them were arrested, and some of them were later released.
Lieutenant-General Hemedti ordered the head of the coup, Colonel of Rapid Support, Musa Hamid Ambilwa, responsible for peace and reconciliation, to supervise the good and security in the state. On July 28, 2022, he launched a campaign under the name of “Negative Phenomena,” where 203 citizens of these areas were arrested and deported to El Geneina in the presence of the Governor Khamis, acting on the authority of the earliest issuance of an emergency order, according to which they were arrested and divided into two groups for the first group, 77 individuals in Ardamta prison in
from government form.